Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Berlioz was one of the first composers to deal greatly with orchestration. In this treatise he talks about what the different sounds that instruments make (tone. Includes full-score musical examples from works by Berlioz, Mozart, Beethoven, Music History and Theory – Books on Music; /; Treatise on Instrumentation.

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Similarly for the third with the basses. On the other hand when M.

Treatise on Instrumentation – Wikipedia

There is incidentally no need, as there is for wind instruments, to calculate the duration of a held note, or to provide them with pauses from time to instrymentation. This sad murmur and the faint sound of this solo, reproducing a melody already heard in an earlier piece, have always struck audiences deeply. An explanation of the role of particular instruments within the orchestra is also provided. Only light-hearted gaiety, or even carefree joy, seem not to suit them.

Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes, Op.10 (Berlioz, Hector)

Buy Hector Berlioz’s Treatise on instrumentation. So great is the difference that composers must inevitably take this into account and should not write their dramatic scores in exactly the same way as symphonies, masses and oratorios that are intended for concert halls or for churches.

It is rather like a bull escaped from its stable and frolicking in a salon. It can also convey a degree of agitation, but one must be careful not to intensify this to cries of passion, to vehement outbursts of anger, threats or heroism: Its tone quality is so distinctive that it is not necessary in an orchestra to have exactly the same number instrumentwtion violas as of second violins.

One may use as many timpanists as there are timpani in the orchestra, in order to produce rolls and rhythms with two, three, or brlioz parts, depending on the numbers available.

One common practice to give great power to a passage for the violins is to have the first violins doubled by the seconds playing an octave below; but if the passage is not written too high it is much better to have all the violins playing in unison. Spontini was the first to use it in his triumphal march in La Vestale and a little later in a few pieces in Fernand Cortezwhere it was well motivated.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is quite certain that the special effects obtained by nerlioz new type of orchestra could not possibly be bwrlioz with any other forces.

For example the effect produced by four first-rate violinists playing the same part together will be rather ungainly, even dreadful, where fifteen average violinists will be excellent. Sometimes the ophicleide is isntrumentation to replace it, but its tone does not have the same depth as its range is the same as that of the standard bassoon and not an octave lower; in any case its timbre is of a quite different character from that of the double-bassoon.

Many ignorant players, devoted to noise, make a deplorable use of these instrumsntation stops. It may preserve some of its belrioz if given to the flutes, and will hardly lose anything if played by the clarinets.

Foreword by Richard Strauss. Harold in Italy1st movement, bar 73 and following; overture to Benvenuto Cellini ; the Roman Carnival overture; the Menuet des Follets from the Damnation of Faust ]. References could of course be multiplied. No one before had suspected the peculiar affinity between two so very different instruments when used in this way.

Here music is far from our national habits, the government does everything for theatres, but nothing for real music. Beethoven sometimes used it in pairs, as with trumpets, but the established practice of writing it for three parts seems to me preferable.

Meyerbeer has been able to draw a distinctive and formidable sound by combining the side drum with the timpani for the celebrated crescendo roll in the scene of the blessing of the daggers in Les Huguenots. It must also be realised that its level, even and uniform sonority never blends completely with the diverse and distinctive sounds of the orchestra, and that there seems to be a hidden antipathy between these two musical powers.

All rights of reproduction reserved for the texts and translations on this page. I cannot guess why. Unisons only acquire quality when they are multiplied beyond a certain number. That is why Rossini made use of a little bell in G to accompany a graceful chorus from the second Act of William Tellthe refrain of which is “voici la nuit”. Meyerbeer has entrusted to the bass clarinet an eloquent monologue in the trio of Act V of Les Huguenots Example.


A new edition of the original Treatise was published in as volume 24 of the New Berlioz Edition. It can express all manner of vigorous feelings, proud and grand, and the majority of tragic accents. The only difference is that whereas for the horn in C basso the real sound must be imagined to be an octave below the written note in the G clef, for some very low saxhorns the sound must be imagined to be two octaves below.

Click here to receive the Viola Calendar, with daily micro viola news and special offers! Any sounding body that is used by a composer is a musical instrument. The extreme delicacy of the harmonics is enhanced in this passage by the use of mutes; with the sound thus reduced the notes come from the highest regions of the musical scale, which could hardly be reached by the use of treatis violin sounds.

As a general rule players should only use the instruments specified by the composer. In particular it would have an incalculable melodic, expressive and rhythmic beglioz, a penetrating force like no other, a prodigious sensitivity in all nuances whether in ensemble or in detail.

The timbre of the middle and upper ranges does not have a strongly defined expressive character. Some parts of an orchestra are meant by the composer to question and answer each other, and this intention only treaatise clear and instrummentation if the groups knstrumentation engage in dialogue are placed at a sufficient distance from each other.

Les Francs-jugesOp. This has serious disadvantages. Straussand Rimsky-Korsakov. A larger number of string instruments would even be too loud in many cases for the delicate effects which these two masters have normally entrusted to flutes, oboes and bassoons only.

This is trivial, and devoid of pomp and splendour.