[1] Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.

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Help Center Find new research papers in: Weber extended the basic model by considering a cheap labour force and by taking into account the agglomeration areas, which increases the consumer market of goods, generating savings. Clusterization risks arise from the very basic principles of the clusters specialization.

Competitiveness of Romania’s South-East Region in the European Context

Remember me on this computer. A Harvard Business Review Book, p. This area represented by example by Timis County, in the future may host more than one cluster in areas like economid, shoes, software. Using statistical data relatively recently by the European Cluster Observatoryour paper aims at revealing the fact that clusters are linked to prosperity and that it exists a necessity to consider them as a central part of each economic strategy for the European Union member states.

A region may become vulnerable if held portfolio of clusters apliata too concentrated. Once resources are exhausted and the work force revolts, industries relocate themselves.

The English cluster means bunch, bouquet, group. Looking in particular the sustainable development of industrial structures, Porter demonstrated the influence of competitive relations between national industries and economic development, by the model of competitive advantages of national industries.

In developed economies, they communicate, creating genuine network development. He argues the need for stronger industrial ties between the competitive sectors, so that the participation in international competition to lead to growth effects for the national prosperity. Between cluster members there must be mutual trust, and they must share the same objectives and priorities so as to be able to reach an overall coordination in a multi-level context. The solution of the problem is the one that minimizes total transportation costs, in a graphical approach being determined by circles curves centred on the sources supply costs and markets shippingwhich are composed of points representing the same level of costs.


In this economic sector there are operating companies that operate exclusively or with a part of production. Explanations are based on recording specific economies of scale, known as agglomeration economies.

In Sweden, The European Cluster Alicata has noted the existence of Swedish clusters, already highlighting one of their weaknesses, namely excessive fragmentation. We shall also present the initiatives of cluster type between the European states, successful clusters, with a possible multiplication effect.

Dosescu, Tatiana Corina

Clusters represent an important instrument for promoting industrial development, innovation, competitiveness and economic growth. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

Location theory justifies its importance: In various studies and research projects there were identified several potential clusters in Romania: According to Edgar M.

Association has a team permanent staff which has a role in: Industrial or commercial specialization, diversification, innovation and improving quality and interrelationship between companies operating in a region, or their complementary characteristics, are traits that distinguish a pure agglomeration from an industrial cluster. A region develops around such a pole of growth, because of its spread effects.

Clusters comprise a group of closely related industries and other entities important in terms of competition. Increased mobility of information that occurred due to interactive system of the clusters is the third main benefit of clusterization. O1, O3, R1, R5 1.

These poles are highly entrepreneurship and have a profitable business environment. It is assumed that after the initial phase in which the predominant forces are centralized, centralization poles will lead behind them, the rest of the region or even the entire economy.

There are also incipient clusters vertically integrated in the clothing industry Focsani. Thus, a possible cluster was located in the ceramics industry in Alba County and another one in the software production in Bucharest. He offered a definition of competitive agglomeration clusterstaken as a standard option by most of the literature on this topic: Development of automotive components sector in the Western Region was conducted by both local specialized societies, and by attracting foreign investors.

LTIS – CATEDRA DE ȘTIINȚE SOCIO-UMANE | Manual de Economie aplicată

The main author of the typology is Hoover Location Theory and the Shoe and Leather Industry – and The Location of Economic Activitywho believes that internal economies of scale are specific for companies, localization economies for certain branches, sub-branches, whose companies form clusters in certain geographical areas E.


Marshall, Hoover, Perroux, Chimitz and Mills. Creating and developing a regional specific, through the formation of clusters, helps regions in creating a productive business environment, leading to attract as many specialized companies on their territory.

Established priority areas and their quotes are: After developing the theory of polarized development, most of the concepts supporting the spontaneous reduction of disparities in regional economic development as the generalization of the process, find theoretical support in various formulations of this theory. They are rooted in the existence of specialized suppliers for certain goods, services which are shared by many other companies in that areain the existence of a local market labour which facilitates the transfer of workers from one firm to another as some of them to increase productionof the diffusion of information and innovation.

However, innovation is stimulated by facilitating market testing apilcata by new products marketing. Moreover, the cluster can often not be the answer to increasing the competitiveness of a region, source may come from elsewhere. The specialty literature regarding local economic development, based on the idea of cluster starts from well-known economic theories, such as: In the three countries there are two econnomie of cluster support schemes: There are many definitions of clusters, different from each other and a wide typology of clusters in aolicata industry.

Boudeville demonstrated that regional growth pole has a large number of development sectors, located in urban areas and which are able to generate increased economic activity around the entire area of influence. Biotechnologies, transport and mobility, health and medicine, new manuap, manufacturing and engineering, aviation and space, energy and environment, ICT, micro-nano-opto.