Fouquieria splendens. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire. Fouquieria splendens. Plant Database Search. Ocotillo. This upright thorny shrub occurs from southern California east to west Texas and ranges south into. Fouquieria splendens Engelm. Go To Encyclopedia of Life Family: Fouquieriaceae Fouquieria splendens image. Max Licher. VPAP; Field Guide; Web Links.

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Go To Encyclopedia of Life Transplanted plants require irrigation to become established, but once established, they can survive on 8 inches of rainfall per year. They are pollinated by hummingbirds or carpenter bees.

North American Natives Flower Color: The first leaves on new growth produce a petiole leaf stalk which hardens into a sharp spine after the leaf drops off. For the census-designated place, see Ocotillo, California. Back to Fouquieriaceae index. It is the most widely distributed species of the genus. Soil Description Splendsns rocky, sandy or decomposed splenden soil. Seeds were parched and ground into flour for mush or cakes.

Ocotillo in full bloom near Lookout Mountain, Phoenix, Arizona.


Fouquieria splendens – Wikipedia

How to Prune Hydrangeas. Fouquieria is named for Pierre Eloi Fouquier a French physician and naturalist; splendens means splendid. In the drier an lower part of its areal the soil is more sandy and loose. Plants that prefer soils with above average moisture in their natural range, such as slope bottoms, canyon or ravine bottoms, north facing slopes or shaded soils with above average moisture retention.

It occours to a large extent, if not exclusively, in soils which are abundant of limestone, well aerated and possibly also relatively warm. Related Plants ‘Rogers’ bottlebrush buckeye Aesculus parviflora var. Nursery Availability Commonly Available. Supply minimal supplemental water.

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The Plant Guide

Height 10 – 33 ft 3 – Orange, in dense panicles, cm long, at branch tips, with conspicuous leafy bracts that fall off when flowers are mature; corolla tubular, about 2 cm long, bright red-orange, with 5 reflexed lobes at the top. Hummingbird and carpenter bees Xylocarpa californica are the main pollinators. Bark whitish to grey-green with dark furrows. Plants that prefer soils that are moist year round. Red Plant Seasonal Interest: Growth Rate Very Slow, Fast.


Estimated range shown in yellow. When dry conditions return, ocotillo drops its leaves again.

Once established, these plants should still thrive with little or no additional irrigation in years of normal precipitation, as long as they are planted in areas with naturally year-round moist soils. The bright red flowers appear in spring and summer, occurring as a group of small tube shapes at the tip of the stem.

The plant produces two types of leaves. Ocotillo is not a true cactus. Ocotillo prefers lean, neutral to alkaline soil.

SEINet Portal Network – Fouquieria splendens

Papago pressed the nectar out of blossoms, hardened it like rock candy and chewed. Stocky, swollen, caudiciform, almost invisible, with rough and fissured bark. The side branches are often pruned away to enlarge the fat swollen main trunk. More From the Plant Guide.

See all synonyms of Fouquieria splendens. Large specimens in the wild may be years old. Tap map to see plants native to location.

Dry, rocky hills, on slopes, plains and washes.