Buy Examination of Three Faiths: A Thirteenth Century Essay in the Comparative Study of Religion by Ibn Kammuna, M. Perlmann (ISBN: ) from. : Ibn Kammuna’s Examination of the Three Faiths; A Thirteenth- Century Essay in the Comparative Study of Religion Translated from the Arabic. Ibn Kamm┼źna’s Examination of the Three Faiths: A Thirteenth-Century Essay in the Comparative Study of Religion. Translated From the Arabic with an.

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Despite all of these developments, however, Ibn Kammuna supplies here exactly the same time-worn example used by Ibn Sina and before him by Aristotlei.

Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Jewish and Islamic ethics have been intertwined all along; by the thirteenth century, some rabbinic ideas had become thoroughly islamicized on the one hand, and, on the other, Jewish versions of Sufism were kf.

In practice, though, it had much wider application and less precise definition. It will become clear that in this context, intuition is a sui generis state, which, on the epistemological scale, falls between the discursive reasoning of very bright individuals and the gift of prophecy. Second, it offered a way to account for great scientific acumen. In his copious writings he takes up the entire gamut of philosophical issues discussed by his contemporaries.

It is not surprising, then, that Ibn Kammuna frequently mentions intuition in his ibj to al-Talwihat. This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat The last example is particularly important because it illustrates the intimate connection between hads and tajribaa connection maintained by Ibn Kammuna and others throughout. Yet in the pietistic writings, where one would expect to find the usual Sufi ibm, dhawq is not employed.

The centuries following the remarkable achievement of Ibn Sina Avicenna; d. How to cite this entry. Ibn Kammuna raises none of the ostensible contradictions that so troubled Ibn Sina, al-Ghazali, and Maimonides. These are discussed further below, in the penultimate section. Pourjavady, Reza; Schmidtke, Sabine, eds.


He concludes that we are still in need of a reliable edition. Following that, we will present the first-ever survey of his religious ethics; the key texts have only recently been published. This move has long been thought to have been forced upon Ibn Kammuna by hostile reaction to one of his eamination.

Ibn Kammuna – Wikipedia

However, it has recently been suggested that it is more likely to be connected to the kammmuna of one of his patrons. Even if that plan never came to fruition no evidence of this longer version has as yet turned upit indicates his conviction that important topics ought to be discussed in all three formats, which presumably take into consideration the varying abilities of people to devote time to study.

Earlier editions must not be dismissed as worthless unless one can provide examples to prove such kamnuna extreme claim. Moreover, whether or not hads is specifically mentioned, intuition examinqtion spontaneous comprehension is paired to tajriba. Things thus trace back without a doubt to intuitions which the masters [of intuition] arrived at. However, at the high end of the spectrum, there exists a human soul whose cognitive ability is for all practical purposes unlimited.

The Science of the Soul 5.

Ibn Kammuna’s Examination of the three faiths

Faithw, scientific discovery, and intuition in general all lead those who experience them to certain knowledge in a moment of revelation, in general, knowledge that had not been available before. Retrieved from ” https: Persica 19faith Y. This work begins with an introductory chapter on prophethood in general and is followed by individual chapters on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, each with exposition and critique, presented with a conscious effort at objectivity and fairness toward all parties.

On the other hand, Ibn Kammuna does employ in the shorter work several cognate terms to describe the person who can grasp a certain fact immediately and without the need for lengthy demonstration: Simply taking note of variants missed by one or more editor, even if these seem to be significant, is not enough; we would like to see a discussion of sample passages, with full analysis of the implications of the different readings.


Ibn Kammuna experimented with different formats and especially different lengths in his philosophical writing. There remains the technical distinction, in that hadsand hads specifically, is said to disclose the middle term of the syllogism. A Propos of Medieval Aesthetics: However, it is possible for someone to have an intuition on his own; the reasoning gels in his mind without a teacher.

Tzvi Langermann – – Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 15 2: Some of the latter betray upon close reading a subtle anti-Islamic polemic. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Paradoxes, Problems, and Kamnuna 8. This is discussed in the next section. Hence both hads and tajriba aim to function as sources for hidden knowledge within scientific systems that are based upon ultimately Aristotelian logic.

Moreover, changing the title of a book in mid-course without any justification all agree, for example, that Ibn Kammuna himself gave no title to the work commonly referred to as the New Wisdom introduces confusion with no compensatory payoff.

Recent Editions It is a common complaint in the field of Islamic philosophy, especially in its post-Avicennan phases, that we lack editions of primary texts; this complaint was voiced in the first version of this entry.

Muslim and Jewish thinkers would certainly want it to be so, but proving this faithw was no simple matter.